Your overall fitness generally comprises two related concepts: general fitness (a state of health and well-being) and specific fitness (a task-oriented definition based on the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations). In previous years, fitness was commonly defined as the capacity to carry out the day’s activities without undue fatigue. However, as automation increased leisure time, changes in lifestyles following the industrial revolution rendered this definition was no longer quite correct. These days, physical fitness is considered a measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to meet emergency situations. Hypokinetic diseases are conditions that occur from a sedentary lifestyle. Examples could include obesity and complications arising from sedentary behaviour
Accordingly, a general-purpose physical fitness program must address the following essentials:
However along with these essential components, a comprehensive fitness program that is tailored to an individual will probably focus on one or more specific skills, or on age or health-related needs such as bone health. A mixture of these attributes is often required to be at the peak of physical fitness. Often, this level of fitness and endurance is only required for those within a career that requires them to have optimum levels of fitness, for example in the army, police force, fire-fighters or the navy.
Mental and Emotional Health
Many sources also claim that mental and emotional health is a very important part of overall fitness. This is often presented in textbooks as a triangle made up of three points, which represent physical, emotional, and mental fitness. Physical fitness can also prevent or treat many chronic health conditions brought on by an unhealthy lifestyle, or even aging, working out regularly has also been proven to help people sleep better. To stay healthy it’s important to participate in physical activity.
Diet and Fitness
In order to keep fitness levels at a good, consistent level, it’s important you keep a well balanced diet in order to supplement your nutritional needs. Dietary habits are the habitual decisions an individual or culture makes when choosing what foods to eat. Although humans are omnivores, each culture holds some food preferences and some food taboos. Individual dietary choices may be more or less healthful. Proper nutrition requires the proper ingestion and equally important, the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and food energy in the form of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Dietary habits and choices play a significant role in health and mortality, and can also define cultures and play a role in religion.